Enamel Hypoplasia is a defect of the teeth in which the tooth enamel is chalky, thin, and weak. It is caused by the improper or defective formation of enamel, which is the outer covering of your tooth.
Enamel Hypoplasia leaves teeth vulnerable to damage and decay and often takes the form of grooves, pits, or lines within teeth. Teeth can also appear discoloured when affected by Enamel Hypoplasia.
While Enamel Hypoplasia can occur in both baby and adult teeth, it most often develops in young children. As the baby teeth are growing, the enamel is still soft and weak, creating opportunities for early damage. Because Enamel Hypoplasia makes the mouth incredibly sensitive, it can be problematic for toddlers just learning to communicate.
Other problems associated with Enamel Hypoplasia include tooth sensitivity from hot or cold foods and drinks, fragile teeth that can easily break, and social awkwardness, as those affected feel embarrassed to smile.
This disorder can be caused by hereditary or environmental factors. Those with genetic Enamel Hypoplasia will need to watch teeth carefully as they come in and mature, making sure to treat problems as they arise. The hereditary form of this disorder can affect not only baby (milk) teeth but also adult teeth.
Environmental causes that can lead to Enamel Hypoplasia, include malnutrition, certain infections, prolonged illness, and trauma to a tooth.
Treating Enamel Hypoplasia varies by the patient and severity of the disorder. For cases where there is only mild discolouration, your dentist may suggest tooth whitening for the affected tooth so that it looks more natural, like its healthy counterparts. In some instances, regular teeth whitening may be needed to keep the tooth looking good, yet this is generally only recommended for adult teeth.
When Enamel Hypoplasia has resulted in visible pits or decay on the tooth, your dentist might drill out the affected areas and place a filling. Treatments of this nature are meant to reduce sensitivity and pain but will not provide a permanent solution if the entire tooth is affected.
The professional, caring team at JC Dental are experts in helping our patients with all types of dental disorders, and as a family dental practice, we also know how to treat our youngest patients. JC Dental understands children may be nervous about visiting the dentist, and our friendly atmosphere and welcoming team will help your child relax when visiting our offices and during procedures. We are here to ensure the dental health of all members of your family, and our experts can offer many treatments for dealing with Enamel Hypoplasia and its effects.
Contact our team today and speak to a professional.